Monitoring of nature


The appropriate management of the natural resources of the National Park requires conducting systematic observations of nature and constant supervision of the state of the environment. The National Park Services are obliged, by virtue of the Act on the protection of nature (Art. 112, section 2) of 16th April, 2004, to collect information on the state of the natural environment in the Park and on processes occurring on its area. In accordance with the Act, "monitoring of nature consists in the observation and assessment of the state of nature and also changes occurring in the components of biological and land-scape diversity on selected areas, and also in the assessment of the effectiveness of the applied methods of the protection of nature, including observation of natural habitats and also species of plants and animals, for the protection of which the area of Natura 2000 was determined." The necessity of con-ducting the monitoring of nature on the area of the Poleski National Park is even greater because of the fact that the Poleski National Park has been added to the list of the areas of Natura 2000 (Area of Special Protection and also Special Area of Protection).


In the above-mentioned Act, a plan of protection for the areas of Natura 2000 should encompass, among others, the monitoring of nature, which is referred to in Art. 29. In turn, Art. 31 obliges to sub-mit every 3 or 6 years reports relevant to: initiated protective activities, impact of these activities on the state of the protection of habitats and species, and also results of the monitoring and supervision of these activities. Simultaneously, conducting the monitoring is referred to in the “National Strategy of the Protection of Moderate Use of Biological Diversity”, which in “Strategic Activities" in Point 1 formulates the following activities: “Recognition and Monitoring of the State of Biological Diversity and also Existing and Potential Threats.” In particular, the second part, referring to potential threats, is exceptionally significant, because without properly collected, processed and analysed data, it will not be possible to determine potential threats and counteract their negative effects, with enough time, in advance.