International Importance

 

International Programme „Man and Biosphere

In 1971, UNESCO launched the International Programme „Man and Biosphere” (MAB), the aim of which is to establish a sustainable relationship between people and the biosphere. One method of accomplishing this aim is the creation of World Network of Biosphere Reserves. (read more)

In 2002, Polesie National Park became a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves as part of the Biosphere Reserve “West Polesie”, and together with Shatskyi Biosphere Reserve (Ukraine) as well as “Pribuzskoye Polesie” Biosphere Reserve (Belarus) formed “West Polesie” Transboundary Biosphere Reserve.

During the meeting in Paris on 8-13 July 2018, the International Co-ordinating Council of the UNESCO MAB Programme incorporated 20 new areas on the Biosphere Reserve list, including two transboundary areas. One of them is “West Polesie” Transboundary Biosphere Reserve consisting of areas in Poland, Belarus and Ukraine, which so far have functioned as distinct (domestic) Biosphere Reserves.

 

Natura 2000

Within the framework of the signed Treaty of Accession, Poland, while entering the European Union, committed itself to contribute to the protection of European natural heritage. Thus, functioning of the European ecological network NATURA 2000 in Poland is an obligation, the fulfillment of which is verified by the European Commission. However, NATURA 2000 is not only a sad duty, but it also provides numerous advantages. Besides the obvious reinforcing of the existing environment protection system in Poland (NATURA 2000 is the superior form of environment protection), it creates the opportunity to include areas so far not protected, and yet precious, into the protection system. Natura 2000 allows farmers from the areas included in the network to raise funds (compensation) higher than those from neighbouring areas. By joining the agri-environmental programmes on the Natura 2000 areas, beneficiaries receive subsidies higher by 20%. Polesie National Park belongs to the European Ecological Network NATURA 2000 as a Special Area of Conservation (SAC) and as a Special Protection Area (SPA).

        SPA - Bagno Bubnów - PLB 060001

map of the area: link

        SPA - Polesie - PLB060019

map of the area: link

        SAC - Ostoja Poleska - PLH 060013 

map of the area: link

 

Poleski National Park as the Ramsar Site

Ramsar Convention on Wetlands is a treaty signed by several countries on 2nd February 1971 in the Iranian city of Ramsar, the aim of which is to conduct common Policy concerning protection and conservation of chosen wetlands.

Parties which signed this treaty are ensured that wetlands constitute resources of enormous economic, cultural, scientific and leisure significance, and their loss would be irreparable. They include basic ecological functions of wetlands as regulators of hydrographic conditions as well as the living habitat of characteristic flora and fauna, in particular waterfowl. They aim to prevent, now and in the future, increasing violation and loss of these areas; they claim as well that waterfowl can cross the borders during the seasonal migrations and therefore it should be treated as international resource.

The Convention specifies what wetlands precisely are, as well as which species, in particular birds, are covered by the Treaty.

The list of Ramsar Sites includes 2242 sites of total area of 215 247 833 ha (data for 2016). The treaty has been signed by 169 countries so far, and the initial signatories in 1971 were 18 countries. The largest number of sites on the List is in Great Britain (170), and the largest area of these sites is in Canada (13 086 767 ha).

In 2002, Poleski National Park took efforts to be included on the Ramsar List. After three years of formalities, the Park obtained the title of Ramsar Site. In Poland there are currently 16 sites of such a rank.

More information on the signed treaty (Convention) below:

1. Convention on Wetlands 

2.
Ramsar Official Website - www.ramsar.org