INSTITUTION
Poleski National Park as an area of Ramsar

Ramsar Convention and more precisely: Convention on wetlands of international importance especially as the living environment of water birds (ang. Ramsar Convention on Wetlands) is an agreement signed by some countries on 2nd, February 1971, in Iran, in the town of Ramsar, aiming at con-ducting common policy of the protection and conservation of selected water and marsh areas.
The Parties which signed this agreement are convinced that water and marsh areas constitute resources of great economic, cultural, scientific and recreational value, and the loss of them would be irrepara-ble. They take into consideration the basic ecological functions of water and marsh areas as the regula-tors of water relations and also as of the environments of life for characteristic flora and fauna, and, in particular, of water birds. They aim at stopping, currently and in the future, increasing violation and disappearance of these areas, and also recognise that water birds in the course of seasonal migration may fly across borders and, as a result of that, should be treated as an international resource.
The Convention sets out in detail, what water and marsh areas, and also what species, in particular of birds, are covered by the agreement.
The list of the areas of Ramsar includes 1655 areas of the total area of 151,023.324 ha (2006). So far, it has been signed by 154 countries, and the initial number of signatories was 18 (in 1971). Most of the areas indicated in the list of the Ramsar Convention are in Great Britain, and the largest area of them is in Canada.
In 2002, the Poleski National Park commenced actions in order to be placed on the Ramsar list. After three years of dealing with formalities, the Park gained the status of the Ramsar area. Currently, in Poland there are only 13 areas having such status:

Name

Date of adding to the list

Area

Łuknajno Lake Nature Reserve

22.11.1977

710 ha

Warta Mouth National Park

03.01.1984

4.235 ha

Karaś Lake Nature Reserve

03.01.1984

815 ha

Seven Island Lake Nature Reserve

03.01.1984

999 ha

Nature Reserve ‘Świdwie’

03.01.1984

891 ha

The Biebrza National Park

27.10.1995

59.233 ha

Słowiński National Park

27.10.1995

18.247 ha

Barycz Valley Landscape Park

27.10.1995

5.325 ha

Narew National Park

29.10.2002

7.350 ha

Poleski National Park

29.10.2002

9.762 ha

Wigry National Park

29.10.2002

15.085 ha

Drużno Lake Nature Reserve

29.10.2002

3.068 ha

Subalpine peat bogs in Karkonosze National Park

29.10.2002

40 ha

 

 
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